Town of Olds Municipal Development Plan
Table of Contents
1.0 Introduction and Purpose................................................................................1
Structure of the Plan............................................................................................1
Relationship to Other Town Plans........................................................................1
2.0 Community Context and Trends......................................................................2
Regional Setting and Connections.......................................................................2
3.0 Vision and Principles.......................................................................................6
Our Vision of Olds in 2046....................................................................................6
4.0 Future Land Use Concept................................................................................8
5.0 Growth Management......................................................................................10
6.0 Urban Form and Design.................................................................................14
7.0 Economic Development and Tourism.............................................................17
8.0 Heritage Conservation....................................................................................19
9.0 Environmental Management...........................................................................21
10.0 Housing and Neighbourhood Design............................................................26
11.0 Commercial Development.............................................................................30
12.0 Uptowne Olds................................................................................................32
13.0 Industrial Development..................................................................................34
14.0 Parks, Recreation, and Culture......................................................................36
15.0 Future Tree Reserves.....................................................................................39
16.0 Community and Protective Services...............................................................41
19.0 Intermunicipal Planning and Regional Cooperation........................................49
Glossary of Terms.......................................................................................................54
Map 1: Significant Features................................................................................after 58
Map 2: Future Land Use Concept.......................................................................after 58
1.0 Introduction and Purpose
The Municipal Government Act, RSA, 2000 (as amended) requires all municipalities to prepare and adopt a municipal development plan (MDP). The Act states that an MDP must address such issues as future land use and development in the municipality, the provision of municipal services and facilities, and intermunicipal issues such as future growth areas and the co-ordination of transportation systems and infrastructure.
The overall purpose of the Town of Olds Municipal Development Plan (MDP) is to guide future growth and development to ensure that it is sustainable, orderly, appropriate, complementary, and efficient, and ensure that it enhances the quality of life for the citizens of Olds. The MDP is a policy document. It is used as a framework guiding the physical development of the community. It creates context within which both public and private sector decision making can occur. As a policy document the MDP is, for the most part, general in nature and long range in its outlook. The MDP helps Council evaluate immediate situations or proposals in the context of a long range plan.
Structure of the Plan
Sections 1.0 and 2.0 of the MDP provide introductory and background information about the role of the Plan, recent growth and development trends in Olds and significant features influencing the future development of the community. These parts of the document are presented for the information of the reader only and are not to be interpreted as policy statements.
Section 3.0 of the MDP provides a vision of the type of community that Olds aspires to be in the future. It also contains principles that will be used to guide the writing of this Plan. Section 4.0 provides an overview of the major elements shown in the Future Land Use Concept (Map 2) and the general direction of urban growth. The Future Land Use Concept is a key part of the overall policy framework of this Plan and it meant to be interpreted as policy alongside the text of this Plan.
Section 5.0 through and including Section 20.0 contain a mix of background and descriptive information, goals, objectives and policies organized by major topic. Each section contains specific statements that are intended as policy to guide decision making on planning and development issues. The goals and objectives contained in each section are not to be interpreted as policy but as context to guide policy interpretation. The specific policy statements are listed and assigned individual identification numbers and quick reference description.
Finally, a glossary of terms used throughout the Plan is provided for the convenience of the reader.
Relationship to Other Town Plans
The MDP is intended to direct future land use and development at a high level. More specific plans for the development of the community are undertaken as part of the area structure plan (ASP) and area redevelopment plan (ARP) processes. ASPs and ARPs provide more detailed guidance for the development of specific properties and are expected to be consistent with the general policy guidance provided in this MDP.
2.0 Community Context and Trends
Regional Setting and Connections
The Town of Olds is located in Mountain View County 5 kilometres west of the Queen Elizabeth 2 Highway in the heart of the Edmonton-Calgary corridor. Olds is 90 kilometres north of Calgary and about 60 kilometres south of Red Deer and 210 kilometres south of Edmonton.
Two other highways provide direct access to Olds. Highway 27 bisects the town west to east and is a major gateway to numerous recreational opportunities in the West Country and Rocky Mountains. This highway serves the town as well as agricultural, forestry, and oil and gas interests in the area.
Highway 2A is a north-south route that runs along the east side of Olds past Olds College. This highway provides an alternate route to get to Bowden and Red Deer (north), and Didsbury, Carstairs and Calgary (south).
Olds has access to rail by virtue of its location on the main Canadian Pacific Railway line that connects Edmonton and Calgary. Access by air is available at the Olds-Didsbury Airport, a small airport located 6 kilometres south of town. Scheduled air service is available at the Calgary International Airport.
Olds is a community with potential. The Town is the economic centre of Mountain View County and is in the heart of a region with a diverse economy. The Town is also an important part of the Edmonton to Calgary corridor. Statistics Canada and the Alberta Treasury Board and Finance forecasts that an additional 1.5 million people will live in central Alberta by 2041. Olds is well positioned to capture a share of this population growth and the related economic opportunities when the following factors are considered:
- Olds offers affordable residential, commercial, and industrial real estate when compared with larger communities in the Edmonton-Calgary corridor;
- Some people, both baby boomers and millennials alike, prefer small town living;
- Employment opportunities are become more numerous and more diverse, especially considering work from home options; and
- A range of quality recreation, education, and community services are available.
Olds’ strategic location and diverse economic base have made it the economic centre of Mountain View County and have contributed to the community’s growth. The Town’s 2016 population, according to the Federal Census was 9,184, and has grown by an average of 2.40% per year since 2006. In addition to the permanent resident population, Olds College has a student resident capacity of approximately 634, for those who choose to live on campus during the school year.
In 1952, Olds was home to 1,617 people and the Town’s population has grown steadily as shown on the following table.
The Town of Olds anticipates further population growth throughout the “planning period”. The “planning period” encompasses the next 20 to 30 years. Population projections for five year increments through to the year 2046 are provided in the table below.
2.14% per year
2.31% per year
2.40% per year
Average annual population growth of 2.31% during the planning period is considered a reasonable expectation for the Town of Olds. Using this growth rate, the population of Olds is expected to move beyond 12,000 around the year 2030. By 2046, the population of Olds would be over 18,000 if this rate of population growth is realized for the duration of the planning period.
Olds has a diverse housing stock with a range of different types of housing constructed over the Town’s history. The 2006 Federal Census reported that 1,869 of the dwellings in Olds were single detached homes, but that there were also 275 semi-detached dwelling, 83 row houses, a combined total of 600 apartment dwelling units and 164 other types of dwellings. As of the 2016 Census, there were 2,255 single detached dwellings, 370 semi-detached dwellings, 160 row houses, a combined total of 680 apartment dwelling units, and 230 other single-attached and movable dwellings.
The Census data indicates that approximately 48% of Olds’ housing was constructed prior to 1986, 32% was built between 1986 and 2006 and 19% was built over the last 10 years. This is supported by data from the Town indicating that new residential construction activity has been strong in the community over the past 10 years. Town records indicate that 951 housing starts of all types have occurred in the Town between 2006 and 2016.
The demand for housing is expected to remain strong over the planning period (next 20 to 30 years). Assuming a medium growth scenario with 2.31% population growth per year, and assuming average household size remains at or close to 2.48 persons per household, an additional 3,644 dwelling units will need to be constructed. At an average residential density of 12.35 units per hectare, it is anticipated 295 hectares (4.5 quarter sections) of land will be required to accommodate residential growth anticipated between 2016 and 2046.
Future housing development in Olds will likely be similar to the form of housing of most other smaller urban communities in Canada. Residential areas are expected to become denser and the mix of housing is expected to change with a move toward smaller houses and more townhouses, condominiums, and apartment units.
Olds is expected to continue to attract new commercial and industrial development. Olds’ emergence as the major service centre in Mountain View County combined with its population growth will result in more retail and service sector development in the Town. The Town’s location in the Edmonton-Calgary corridor will make it attractive for industrial development in future years. The diversification of the area’s agricultural economic base through renewed interest in international export markets and the developing cannabis market are expected to fuel additional interest in industrial development.
The existing rate of commercial land consumption in relation to the population growth of Olds is 9.55 hectares (23.59 acres) for every 1,000 persons. This is calculated using the total gross area of land developed to accommodate commercial use in relation to the 2016 Town population of 9,184. The existing rate of industrial land consumption is 16.48 hectares (40.72 acres) for every 1,000 persons. This is calculated using the total gross area of land developed as of December 2018 to accommodate industrial use in relation to the projected 2018 Town population of 9,613 (2016 population increased by 2.31% per year for 2 years).
The following table identifies the total future land area requirements to accommodate the Town’s needs at a future population of 18,200.
Existing Developed Land
Future Land Requirement
The currently available and undeveloped land base within the limits of the Town of Olds may not be able to accommodate the anticipated growth over the planning period (now up to 2046) for all major land use classes. Commercial and industrial lands are expected to be consumed before the supply of available residential land. It is expected that additional land, beyond the Town’s 2007 boundaries, will be required to accommodate long term future growth.
Map 1: Significant Features (see back of document) identifies the study area for this planning process and it illustrates the location of natural and man-made features that will influence the future growth pattern of the Town of Olds. Some of these features represent constraints to urban development while others are opportunities that can be used by the Town to help create an attractive and interesting urban environment.
The presence of two provincial highways that bisect the Town as well as the CP rail line are constraints to residential development as they move a large volume of vehicular and rail traffic with the attendant noise that comes from these forms of transportation. These same pieces of transportation infrastructure, however, also should be viewed by the Town as opportunities as they provide the access that is critical for thriving commercial and industrial uses. Careful planning is required to ensure that the appropriate land uses are targeted for lands adjacent to these key transportation links.
The presence of Olds College in the community presents a significant opportunity for the Town. The College is home to talented staff and students that have the potential to generate ideas that will lead to economic development opportunities. The College does own much of the land to the east and the southeast of Olds and this limits the Town’s growth in these directions.
There are no significant streams or rivers that exist as constraints to development in the plan area but there are low areas, ponds, and wetlands that will affect development, particularly as Olds grows to the south. More detailed planning for these areas will need to study ways to transform these potential natural constraints into opportunities that make for an attractive urban setting.
Significant pipeline right-of-ways are located throughout the plan area. This infrastructure represents a constraint to development because the corridors are undevelopable and the need to cross these corridors with municipal services adds costs. In the future, however, these corridors can be viewed as an opportunity for the Town as they can easily accommodate trails for pedestrian and bicycle use.
Many of the pipelines and wells to the south and west of Olds contain sour oil/gas. Based on the operating level and concentration of sour gas present, the setback from these facilities can be as much as 1,500m for any urban centre, residential development and public facility where a large number of people may gather. The exact setback distance can vary over time in response to how the well or pipeline is operated. A firm setback distance will only be available when urban expansion and/or development is proposed.
As in all communities, the availability of water and sewer servicing is an important determinant of the pattern of future growth. The terrain in the Olds area is relatively flat which in some cases makes development easier but which can also make development more difficult when seeking appropriate grade for wastewater and storm sewer lines.
3.0 Vision and Principles
Our Vision of Olds in 2046…
It is 2046 and the Town of Olds has surpassed a population of 18,000 residents and is now the City of Olds. Olds is known as the Connected City and is the gateway to the connected world. Residents appreciate Olds and regard it as a desirable community to call home offering a good balance between economic opportunities and high quality of life. Community facilities, amenities and social opportunities are part of the attraction along with Olds’ commitment to environmentally responsible growth and the creation of a sustainable community. Through its internationally recognized engagement policy, the City of Olds has worked alongside the community to accomplish a multitude of shared goals and achievements.
Olds’ success as a safe, healthy community in which to live and raise a family is built on inclusiveness and caring. Housing options are abundant and diverse to meet the needs of young families, older families, single person households, students, seniors and renters. Specialized housing assistance is available for those in need along with a broad range of family support services such as child care and access to health care professionals. Amenities are available for youth and the physically active in the form of soccer fields, ball diamonds, community gyms and more. Younger and older residents interact at Olds’ library, schools and cultural centre to recreate and enjoy the performing arts. Olds’ neighbourhoods meet the needs of many types of households and families and provide many facilities and services near people’s homes.
Uptowne Olds is a vibrant focal point and identifying feature of the community. Its mixture of uses provides commercial, professional and community services to all residents. A rich stock of historically significant architecture and a welcoming pedestrian environment draw residents and tourists to Uptowne Olds and distinguish it from other commercial areas serving the town and surrounding area. Commercial activities and services available in Olds have expanded to feature small scale locally owned businesses and larger national chain outlets in response to residents’ needs.
There is a broad range of employment opportunities in Olds as new and existing businesses build on the strategic advantages a location in Olds offers within the growing Calgary-Edmonton Corridor. High paying, skilled job opportunities, aided by the mutually beneficial relationship between business and Olds College, enable workers of all ages to find local employment in diverse fields. Value added production, building on the rich agricultural possibilities of the region, and increased availability of a skilled, local workforce supports many businesses and provides both stability and growth in the community. The thriving agricultural presence of the Olds Regional Exhibition (ORE) in their southern location adds to the employment prospects for Olds. Education and community based learning facilities enable lifelong learning, foster creativity and knowledge amongst Olds residents.
While growth has been encouraged, it has been managed to maintain Olds’ small town atmosphere, charm and quality of life. Olds has developed in an environmentally responsible manner. Efficient use of land and mixing of compatible land uses supports pedestrians and cyclists. Natural features are preserved for their function and beauty. Parks and green spaces extend throughout the town and are a well-used and treasured part of the urban landscape. Environmental stewardship is a source of pride for the community as water conservation, composting, recycling and energy conservation have become common practices in everyday life. Olds has developed a celebrated waste management system featuring the early adopter Waste to Energy Policy, and has worked to ensure that Olds is a brownfield free city.
Offering local and regional transit systems, a well-connected pathway system, leading edge roadways for driverless cars, and a multitude of electric car recharging modules, Olds offers a variety of transportation options to residents and visitors. The major open space and integrated trail system and proximity of housing, jobs and services encourage walking and bicycling. A good roadway system provides connections within and through Olds and links to other communities. Public transportation, walking and bicycling are widely used in addition to private automobiles. Residents and businesses have access to high quality, broadband telecommunication connections to the broader Central Alberta community and the world.
Olds residents are proud of the community they live in and have helped build. Well-kept and landscaped boulevards and private yards add to the sense of open space and greenery within the community. Streets are multi-functional and used for sidewalks, benches and landscaping to create attractive streetscapes throughout Olds. The community is well served with municipal infrastructure (roads, water, sanitary sewer, and storm sewer) and protective services (fire, police, ambulance) to meet residents’ needs. The energy-efficient multi-purpose City Hall in the heart of Olds is a gathering place for the community and acts as an example for sustainable building practices. Olds is an inclusive community that is accessible to all and encourages members of the community to come together for recreation and social activities. Residents and neighbours look out for one another to foster a safe and secure environment. Future residents are attracted by the qualities of small town living with city amenities available in Olds.
In striving towards our future vision, the Town of Olds is committed to the principles of sustainable community development. The following principles guide these efforts:
- Social sustainability where needs such as housing and supportive services are identified and addressed in an inclusive manner and opportunities are created to bring people together as a community, as friends, and as an extended family;
- Environmental sustainability based on our understanding and accountability for the impact that our choices have on the natural environment that we all share and the need for a healthy environment and natural processes to sustain our community;
- Economic sustainability where diverse and stable businesses create and maintain employment opportunities and contribute to a community catering to a broad range of lifestyle options;
- Cultural sustainability where we embrace our collective heritage and culture and share them with each other, newcomers, visitors and neighbouring communities; and
- Sustainable governance based on our broad, inclusive and participative decision making and leadership practices as a community that is committed to growing together to reach our sustainable future.
4.0 Future Land Use Concept
To plan and manage growth and development in an environmentally, socially and fiscally sustainable manner that benefits the community’s existing and future residents and businesses.
The Future Land Use Concept (Map 2) identifies the preferred long range growth and land use pattern as envisioned by the Town. This includes the type and location of different land uses, the general location of major roads, and possible growth areas. The Future Land Use Concept may be further defined through the preparation and adoption of statutory and non-statutory plans for smaller geographic areas of the Town.
Key concepts shown in the Future Land Use Concept include:
- Residential growth to the west, south and north recognizing that residential expansion to the west and southwest is limited by the presence of constraints and that the north direction poses fewer limitations;
- Sufficient land is assigned for residential use to accommodate long term growth up to and beyond 2046 with the ability to add 23,000 to 27,500 residents to the current population of approximately 9,200 (based on 2.31% per year growth rate Olds’ population is projected to reach 18,221 by 2046);
- Future school sites to meet the needs of the projected 6,250 students across all grade levels;
- Major open spaces within new residential areas, some in combination with school sites, and preservation of major wetlands and similar natural features;
- Commercial land in locations accessible to future residential areas and visible along the major thoroughfares (Highway 27 and Highway 2A) to meet the needs of an expanding population, create employment areas and contribute towards a balanced assessment base;
- Balancing of future highway commercial concentrations on the west and east sides of the Highway 27/46 Street corridor with the Uptowne area as the central hub of the town’s main commercial areas;
- Industrial areas for long-term expansion located to avoid or minimize conflict with non-industrial uses, provide choice between three major industrial areas in the southeast, northeast and the west, and provide some employment opportunities relatively close to residential areas;
- Recognition that the “more urban” components of Olds College (e.g. main academic buildings) are part of the town while the “more rural” components of Olds College (e.g. crop research fields) will remain part of the county; and
- Major road network comprised of highways, arterial roads and collectors roads to manage the future increased volume of vehicle traffic with a focus on establishing a grid of highway/arterial roads to move traffic around rather than through major residential areas.
In reading the Future Land Use Concept, it is important to remember that it is a conceptual, high level view of the town’s future physical form and distribution of major areas of activity. Some important elements, such as the intent to build an integrated trail and pathway system as part of the Town’s recreation and transportation infrastructure, are not shown on the map. These concepts are instead discussed in the text of the plan and will become more evident as more detailed area structure plans and local plans are prepared.
The Future Land Use Concept is not to be viewed or interpreted in isolation from the goals, objectives and policies expressed throughout the text of the Municipal Development Plan.
Also, identified future land uses, goals, objectives or policies related to lands outside the Town’s current boundaries are statements of future intent or preference and are not binding on the owners of these properties.
The Land Use Bylaw shall be utilized to implement the MDP policies through the designation of land use districts and the application of development standards for each district. In this regard, the boundaries between the land uses shown on Map 2 are not to be rigidly interpreted and the specific boundaries shall be determined through the designation of the Land Use Bylaw districts and subsequent creation of new property lines through the subdivision process.
Location of Major Land Uses
The Town shall direct future residential, commercial, industrial and open space uses to the areas within the Town boundaries conceptually shown for each of these major land uses on the Future Land Use Concept (Map 2).
Boundaries and Size of Areas for Major Land Uses
The boundaries between each major land use category and the relative size of each area shown on the Future Land Use Concept (Map 2) shall not be rigidly interpreted.
Where a more detailed plan in the form of an area structure plan or area redevelopment plan is available, the boundaries and areas of specific land uses in these adopted plans shall prevail.
Where different Land Use Bylaw Districts have been applied, the boundaries and areas of specific uses of the Districts shall prevail.
5.0 Growth Management
Growth management is the process of accommodating changes and growth in the community, while directing the location and pattern of development. It seeks to ensure that the quality of life in Olds is maintained as the size of the community increases. Growth management is also a tool to ensure that development contributes to, and works towards, making the community’s future vision as a sustainable community a reality. A lack of coordinated growth management can lead to land use conflicts and inefficient servicing patterns. This, in turn, can affect the ability of the Town to provide municipal services in a cost effective manner and achieve the optimal use of limited funds for capital improvements and upgrades.
To use land and infrastructure efficiently while encouraging a greater mix of land use and socio economic activities in both new and established areas.
To identify and secure the land and infrastructure capacity that is required to meet future growth needs.
- Ensure an appropriate supply of land and infrastructure is available to accommodate future growth.
- Encourage growth in locations that can utilize existing or planned infrastructure capacity and reduce overall travel demands
- Work with Mountain View County to identify and protect future growth areas for both municipalities.
The Town shall monitor the growth of the town and should update its short-term (up to 5 years) growth strategy on an annual basis and its long-term (5 to 30 years) growth strategy at least every five years.
Relationship with Mountain View County
The Town shall work with Mountain View County to have an up-to-date Intermunicipal Development Plan that identifies and protects the Town’s future growth areas as identified in the Future Land Use Concept (Map 2) while respecting the County’s proposed growth areas and land use planning aspirations.
Efficient Utilization of Infrastructure
The Town shall give priority to the efficient utilization of existing and planned capacity in utility and transportation infrastructure in determining appropriate short-term growth directions.
The Town should encourage development that is contiguous to the existing built-up area and takes advantage of proximity to existing infrastructure.
This aim for contiguous development may not always be possible based on the timing for development desired by individual landowners/developers. The desire to encourage contiguous development shall not be applied in a manner that establishes a monopoly over the supply of available serviceable land.
A landowner/developer wishing to proceed with development of an area that is not contiguous shall be required to bear the full cost of any infrastructure improvements needed to support their proposed development.
Balancing Residential and Non-Residential Assessment
The Town shall seek to manage the amount of residential land and non-residential land in its long range land use plan to be able to achieve a 70:30 split between residential and non-residential assessment.
The Town shall propose periodic annexations of land from Mountain View County for residential, commercial and industrial purposes and, through the Intermunicipal Development Plan, shall seek to maintain at least a 30-year supply of land for residential, commercial and industrial uses within the Town boundaries at all times.
Joint Growth - Commercial and Industrial Uses
The Town shall work with Mountain View County through the Intermunicipal Development Plan to meet the combined needs of the Town and County for commercial and industrial lands.
Protection of Agricultural Lands
The Town shall ensure an orderly progression of development to minimize land use conflicts with and protect existing agricultural operations and land until it is required for urban development.
The Town shall seek to develop at an intensity of development that minimizes the rate at which agricultural lands are converted to non-agricultural use.
Location of Employment Opportunities
The Town shall seek to reduce travel demands by assessing the potential for locating appropriate employment opportunities in or adjacent to residential areas through more detailed area structure plans and area redevelopment plans.
Redevelopment and Intensification
The Town shall undertake reviews of potential redevelopment and intensification opportunities in the established areas. This may take the form of an area redevelopment plan and/or regulations set out in the Land Use Bylaw.
Allocation of Costs of Growth
The costs of servicing newly developing areas shall be borne by the Developer in accordance with policies approved by Council.
Municipal Investment in Infrastructure and Services
Any public expenditure for improvements or services proposed within this plan shall be subject to the Town’s annual operating and capital budgeting process and shall be evaluated in relation to the overall needs of the community and town-wide priorities.
Existing Sour Gas Facilities
The Town shall consult with the Alberta Energy Regulator (AER) regarding the potential for new development in the vicinity of existing sour gas facilities and shall refer to the AER, applications for subdivision and development of land, in accordance with the Subdivision and Development Regulation as approved under the Municipal Government Act.
New Sour Gas Facilities
The Town shall monitor proposals for new sour gas and related facilities within or adjacent to the Town’s existing and future growth areas and determine on a case by case basis its position regarding such facilities.
New Oil and Gas Facilities
The Town shall encourage oil and gas facilities and pipelines to be located beyond the identified future growth areas. Where it is not possible to avoid these areas, the Town shall encourage the use of alignments and locations that are conducive to future urban development.
Development Adjacent to CPR Right-of-Way
Subdivision and development of land adjacent to the CPR railway tracks shall be undertaken in a manner that mitigates the impact of rail operations on adjacent uses. The Town may require a noise study or other type of study (e.g. visual impact study, vibration study) that may, in the opinion of the Approving Authority, be considered necessary to properly evaluate subdivision and development proposals along the railway tracks.
Brownfield and Greyfield Redevelopment
The Town shall promote the environmental remediation and repurposing of brownfield and greyfield sites within the town. The intent is to make good use of lands that are already serviced and typically occupy a prominent location along a major travel route. As part of this effort, consideration may be given to the proposed tax incentives outlined in the Municipal Government Act.
6.0 Urban Form and Design
Urban form refers to the physical layout and design of Olds’ urban environment. It includes issues such as location of growth, density, street patterns, major transportation routes and systems, major open space areas and employment nodes. Urban design deals with the visual quality of the built environment. High quality urban design can enhance the distinctiveness of parts of the community and promote social objectives such as creating a strong sense of place and belonging and interaction amongst community members. It creates character and interest through such elements as the design of public parks, attractive streetscapes, and the contribution of individual buildings towards creating attractive outdoor spaces. Urban design can also influence the safety of the urban environment through the establishment of highly visible and lively spaces.
To create an attractive, safe, functional and stimulating physical environment where residents and visitors experience a strong sense of place and community pride.
- Promote high quality architecture and design in commercial, industrial, institutional and residential development.
- Support and encourage innovative neighbourhood and building designs.
- Ensure public spaces are designed with community safety as a priority.
Architectural Appearance and Visual Aesthetics
The Town shall require a high quality of architectural appearance and visually attractive development along all major travel corridors into and through the town. Where necessary, specific requirements shall be added to the Land Use Bylaw.
The Town shall work with Mountain View County to achieve a similar level of architecture and visually attractive development along Highway, Highway 2A, Highway 27 and Range Roads 14, 15 and 20 leading into the Town through the Intermunicipal Development Plan.
The Town shall actively manage unsightly premises, which may have suffered vandalism or neglect of upkeep, and shall encourage Mountain View County to apply the same approach within their jurisdiction.
The Town shall support infill residential and commercial development on vacant or underutilized parcels of land in established neighbourhoods, provided consideration is given to:
Promoting a Compact Urban Form
The Town should promote a compact and efficient urban form by facilitating infill development in existing residential, commercial and industrial areas, and gradually increasing the overall density of the Town.
Promoting Appropriate Mixed Use
The Town should encourage the development of appropriately designed mixed use areas with retail and office uses, higher density housing, schools, institutional uses and other community facilities to minimize the need for new transportation infrastructure and encourage less reliance on the private automobile.
Promote Urban Design That Encourages Walkability
The Town should promote urban design that encourages walkability by providing functional and attractive pedestrian linkages between adjacent neighbourhoods and the existing trails system, designing for universal accessibility, encouraging the development of active residential and commercial streetscapes, ensuring pedestrian crossings are clearly marked and by avoiding adverse microclimatic effects when designing streets, park spaces and pedestrian linkages.
Innovative Neighbourhood Designs
The Town should encourage and be receptive to consideration of innovative neighbourhood designs that respond to economic, demographic and market conditions; that are in Olds’ interest and align with the goals, objectives and policies in this Plan.
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)
The Town encourages the use of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) in the design of new developments to avoid the creation of areas hidden from view and isolated spaces, as well as provide clear sightlines, sufficient lighting and promote natural surveillance throughout the Town.
Fire Smart Principles
The Town encourages consideration and incorporation of Fire Smart principles in the management of natural areas and lands on the perimeter of the built up area. This includes such concepts as purposefully removing or limiting materials that may fuel fires (e.g. grass fires) and put properties at risk.
Age Friendly Design and Initiatives
The Town encourages and promotes urban design and services that are age friendly and supportive of people throughout their lifespans and allows for aging in community, aging in place, successful aging, healthy aging and smart growth. The Town supports initiatives that design and program with the elderly in mind as a means of building an inclusive community.
7.0 Economic Development and Tourism
In order to make Olds more economically sustainable, and an attractive place to reside, it is important to attract and retain business investment, create employment opportunities, and expand the local tax base. Economic development entails attracting new businesses seeking to enter the regional and provincial market, as well as providing an environment where existing businesses can thrive and expand. Creating an attractive community with high quality amenities and services is a vital component in attracting and keeping the skilled labour force that local businesses, including the tourism sector, require for success.
To foster local business retention and to attract diverse, long term economic growth, including tourism, through a partnered approach to marketing Olds and Central Alberta.
- Develop and maintain partnerships for economic development including a strong relationship with Olds College.
- Create a positive and competitive business climate.
- Ensure an adequate supply of commercial and industrial land.
- Evaluate regional market opportunities for innovation and diversification in Olds’ economy.
- Advocate investment into education and training programs to promote a skilled labour force.
- Promote and enhance Olds’ assets to increase the attractiveness of Olds as a tourism destination.
Cooperation in Promoting Economic Development and Tourism
The Town should continue to be an active partner in promoting regional economic development opportunities in Central Alberta and, working with Mountain View County and other municipal area partners, promote development in the Mountain View area.
Adequate Supply of Serviced Land
The Town should ensure an adequate supply of serviced industrial, commercial and residential land. This may be accomplished by annexing additional lands to the Town of Olds and/or working with Mountain View County on joint growth opportunities through the Intermunicipal Development Plan and the Intermunicipal Collaboration Framework and preparing more detailed area structure plans and servicing concepts.
Creating a Positive Business Environment
The Town should foster a competitive business climate through policies and actions that help maintain reasonable operating costs and streamline approval processes and timelines.
The Town should pursue opportunities to diversify the local and regional economic base by promoting and attracting value-added industries and by working with Olds College to develop industries related to the College’s areas of educational focus and expertise.
Attracting and Maintaining a Skilled Labour Force
The Town should encourage the efforts of businesses, employers, community agencies, Olds College and other educational institutions and senior levels of government to attract and maintain a local skilled labour force to meet the expanding needs of industry and commerce.
Marketing and Image-Building
The Town should continue to work co-operatively with public, not-for-profit and private sector organizations in promoting business and tourism development in and around Olds.
8.0 Heritage Conservation
Heritage conservation has many cultural, social and economic benefits. Conserving heritage enables a community to retain and convey a sense of its history, and provides aesthetic enrichment as well as educational opportunities. Heritage resources help us understand where we have come from so that we can appreciate the link in our built environment from past, to present, to future. Historic buildings become landmarks and touchstones for the community, and the retention of historic elements serves to moderate the impact of rapid change. Key landmark buildings, monuments, historic homes and period streetscapes all add to the vibrancy and character of Olds.
To conserve and interpret heritage resources as an expression of community identity and pride and to encourage the preservation of significant sites and buildings.
- Encourage the conservation and retention of buildings of historic or architectural significance.
- Recognize the importance of Olds’ heritage in creating a unique sense of place and fostering community identity.
- Ensure compatible development with heritage properties.
List of Historically Significant Properties
The Town shall maintain an inventory of historically, architecturally and culturally significant properties and, where appropriate, shall consider the protection of properties with municipal or provincial historic designation.
Partnerships for Heritage Conservation
The Town shall cooperate with other orders of government, private agencies and individuals in the preservation of historic sites.
The Town shall promote community awareness about the importance and value to the community of heritage conservation and shall also promote heritage preservation awareness programs such as historic walking tours.
Through provision in the Land Use Bylaw, the Town should require development and signage proposals to complement the design, character, or appearance of historic buildings.
Facilitate Adaptive Reuse
Wherever possible, the Town should facilitate the adaptive reuse of historic buildings in order to preserve the identity and history of Olds’ built environment, and demonstrate a commitment to sustainable building techniques. To meet provincial and municipal building codes, the Town shall also consider building code equivalencies where necessary and appropriate.
Use of Heritage Buildings for Civic Purposes
The Town should consider the adaptive reuse of historical buildings for civic functions and facilities and make them a priority in order to demonstrate civic leadership.
Heritage Management Plan
The Town shall maintain the Heritage Management Plan as a strategy for ensuring Olds’ heritage resources and sites are protected well into the future
9.0 Environmental Management
Environmental management and the development of Olds as an environmentally sustainable and responsible community is a priority. Preservation of significant natural features is an important contributor to the high quality of life enjoyed by residents. Integrating these features into the open space system helps create an attractive and desirable community. It reinforces the interrelationships and linkages between urban dwellers, their surroundings and the natural systems that residents depend upon. Environmental management also entails consideration of how urban development can impact environmental systems. Efficient use of land, reduction of air pollution, protecting water quality, management and enhancement of open space natural features (natural capital), and efficient use of resources are important elements in Olds’ efforts to be environmentally sustainable.
To preserve significant natural areas and create and maintain attractive, clean and ecologically responsible natural and built environments.
- Promote environmental sustainability principles in land use planning decisions and development practices.
- Recognize the value and contribution natural areas and functions make towards quality of life in an urban setting.
- Conserve and sensitively incorporate natural features as an integral part of the open space system and utility system.
- Support programs and initiatives that increase awareness and public involvement in environmental management and conservation.
Regional Approach to Conservation
The Town shall work with Mountain View County and other local and regional organizations to create and implement a regional approach to the conservation of key natural areas and functions. This process should begin with an inventory of existing natural spaces.
Timing of Conservation Planning and Efforts
The Town shall recognize that planning and efforts to conserve natural features must be initiated well in advance of urban development. This will require conversations with the owners of features that are identified as desirable for conservation well before lands are planned in detail for more detail for urban development or non-agricultural use.
Environmental Reserve - Lands Unsuitable for Development
Through the subdivision process, the Town shall require that lands considered unsuitable for development (e.g. due to steep slopes or being subject to flooding or consisting of a natural drainage course) are dedicated as environmental reserve in accordance with the provisions of the Municipal Government Act.
Environmental Reserve - Lands Adjacent Water Bodies and Water Courses
When lands adjacent to water bodies or water courses are subdivided, a strip of land shall be dedicated as environmental reserve to provide a buffer and provide public access. The width of the required dedication shall be established by the applicable area structure plan or the Subdivision Authority where there is no approved area structure plan. The minimum width of the strip of land to be required shall be 6m.
Use of Environmental Reserve
Lands dedicated as environmental reserve shall remain in their natural state and/or be used as part of the public trail system where necessary to ensure a continuous, integrated trail system.
Environmental Reserve Easements
Despite Policy 9.3 and Policy 9.4, the Town may use an environmental reserve easement in place of the dedication of an environmental reserve parcel where public access to the lands in question is not desirable.
Crown Ownership of Wetlands
Where the Crown (Province) claims ownership of a wetland classified as permanent or semi-permanent under the Alberta Wetland Policy, the wetland shall be treated as a water body and environmental reserve dedication shall be provided in accordance with Policy 9.4 and Policy 9.6.
Reserve – Wetland Value A
The Town shall require all wetlands that are given a wetland value of A under the Alberta Wetland Policy to be dedicated as environmental reserve at the time of subdivision. Where subdivision is not proposed these wetlands shall be protected through wetlands regulations set out in the Land Use Bylaw.
Reserve – Wetland Value B
The Town shall require all wetlands that are given a wetland value of B under the Alberta Wetland Policy to be dedicated as environmental reserve at the time of subdivision. Where subdivision is not proposed these wetlands shall be protected through wetlands regulations set out in the Land Use Bylaw.
The boundaries of a wetland with a wetland value of B may be modified to accommodate logical roadway, utility alignment and lot patterns.
Reserve – Wetland Value C and D
The Town shall not seek dedication as environmental reserve or preservation of wetlands that are given a wetland value of C or D under the Alberta Wetland Policy.
Compensation for Wetland Loss
The Town may consider proposals for replacement of an impacted wetland within the same quarter section in which the impacted wetland is located on a case by case basis.
When replacement of an impacted wetland does not occur within the same quarter section as the wetland that is being impacted, the Town’s preference is that any compensation to be provided to offset the displacement of wetland area or loss of wetland value is provided within a 3 to 5 mile distance of the Town of Olds.
The compensation area shall not be located in an area identified for future urban expansion under this plan or the Intermunicipal Development Plan with Mountain View County unless provision for the creation of the replacement wetland has been made in an approved area structure plan.
Reserve – Upland Features
The Town may designate lands that cannot be obtained as environmental reserve as conservation reserve where the lands contain an environmentally significant feature that the Town wishes to conserve. Candidate sites may include existing sizeable (more than 1 acre) stands of trees or areas covered in native prairie grasses or similar features. The details for each candidate site for designation as conservation reserve shall be contained in the area structure plan that applies to the site.
In addition to environmental reserve dedication and possible conservation reserve designation, the Town shall investigate the possible use of such tools as land purchases, land swaps, tax incentives, leasing and conservation agreements or easements and other similar mechanisms as a means of conserving natural features.
Environmental Education and Awareness Initiatives
The Town should investigate the establishment of a stewardship program or similar initiative to, among other things, provide education, promote awareness and encourage residents to value biodiversity, plant native vegetation, naturalize their property and assist in monitoring the health of the Town’s natural areas.
The Town shall implement an urban forestry initiative that includes an annual investment in new tree planting on public lands that are under the control of the Town. This may include landscaping and revegetation of existing open spaces and boulevards and the inclusion of trees in new open space developments.
The Town shall incorporate existing natural features as part of the overall infrastructure systems. This may include using existing wetlands as storm water management facilities wherever possible and planting shrubs and trees to improve air quality along major roads and within industrial areas.
The Town shall promote efforts to improve air quality and may work with other stakeholders to monitor air quality and establish outreach and awareness programs that promote improved air quality.
The Town shall encourage developers and builders to follow the voluntary LEEDTM green building rating system administered by the Canadian Green Building Council or follow sustainable building practices compatible with LEEDTM standards. Sustainable building practices include:
Town Owned Buildings
The Town shall explore and, where feasible, implement programs and policies intended to increase sustainable building practices throughout Olds. As part of this effort, the Town shall be a civic leader by requiring sustainable building practices in the design and construction of new Town-owned facilities.
The Town shall encourage the use of Dark Sky principles in the design and implementation of outdoor lighting for new development and redeveloped sites. The intent is to avoid casting unwanted and unnecessary lighting towards the sky and adjacent properties.
The Town shall encourage the use of renewable energy technologies, such as photovoltaic cells and small scale wind turbines, where the use of such technologies does not cause incompatibilities with nearby residential uses
10.0 Housing and Neighbourhood Design
Neighbourhoods are living entities which undergo demographic, social, economic and physical change over time. These changes include such things as altering preferences and needs in housing and changing views on the types of uses that should be within or close to the neighbourhood. Neighbourhoods experience life cycle effects such as population gain, peak and loss. More sustainable neighbourhoods are those that are able to adapt over time, due in large part, to the variety of housing types that are available. Well designed and sustainable neighbourhoods are a critical building block in making Olds more sustainable overall.
To create inclusive neighbourhoods containing a range of housing opportunities and related compatible uses supporting the needs and preferences of a variety of household types and income levels.
- Promote the establishment of neighbourhoods that are designed based on the principles of social, environmental and economic sustainability.
- Provide for a mix of housing types and forms to meet a variety of lifestyles, special needs, life cycle demands and market preferences.
- Encourage re-investment and infill in older neighbourhoods.
- Promote the creation of affordable and special needs housing.
Location of Major Residential Areas
The Town shall direct future residential development to the areas conceptually shown for residential uses on the Future Land Use Concept Map.
Residential Density for New Neighbourhoods
The target residential density for new neighbourhoods shall be an average that falls between 11 to 13 dwelling units per gross developable hectare. For the purposes of this policy, gross developable hectare is all lands in title less lands to be dedicated as environmental reserve and lands within a pipeline right of way.
This target shall be calculated over large tracts of land (e.g. larger than 40 acres) to enable lower density areas to be offset by higher density areas within the same neighbourhood or planning area. It applies to new proposed neighbourhoods only. Undevelopable lands and lands for commercial and industrial uses shall not be included in the calculation.
Residential densities that are higher than the above target shall be encouraged where there is sufficient capacity in the major municipal utility infrastructure.
The Town shall require a mix of housing types and forms in all residential neighbourhoods and shall avoid excessive concentration of any single type of housing. Duplex and multi-family residential units shall make up at least 30% of the total housing units in a residential neighbourhood unless otherwise approved in an area structure plan.
Housing Types and Forms
The Town shall encourage the creation of a wide variety of housing types and forms including dwelling units in combination with compatible non-residential uses, live-work units and secondary suites.
Transition Between Housing Types
The Town shall encourage transitions from one housing type to another to occur on a street block by block basis. Housing types that front one another across a street shall be similar. Transitions between types shall occur across side yards and rear yards or lanes and open space areas.
Higher Density Residential Development
The Town may consider the development of higher density residential uses (4 or more units) in accordance with the following guidelines:
Attainable, Affordable and Special Needs Housing
The Town of Olds encourages the provision of attainable, affordable and special needs housing in the community. Specifically:
The Town of Olds should encourage innovative or alternative forms of housing which broaden the range of housing choice.
Design and Architecture of Residential Structures
The Town of Olds shall encourage high quality design and architectural appearance for all new and renovated residential structures. This may be put into effect through criteria and guidelines established in the Town’s Land Use Bylaw, area structure plans or area redevelopment plans.
Flexible Housing Design
The Town encourages builders to create dwelling units that are capable of meeting the needs of a variety of occupants and that have the ability to adapt to changing needs of occupants over time.
Inclusion of Nonresidential Land Uses
The design of new neighbourhoods shall be encouraged, but not required, to include compatible non-residential uses, such as local commercial services and public uses that serve the needs of area residents in an effort to create neighbourhood identity and bring basic services closer to residents.
Home Occupations and Bed and Breakfast Establishments
The Town shall support the development of home occupations and bed and breakfast establishments in residential neighbourhoods as a secondary use of a dwelling unit and where compatible with residential uses.
Infill and Intensification in Older Neighbourhoods
Residential and mixed use infill projects that make a positive contribution to the image, overall architectural appeal, and quality of older neighbourhoods shall be encouraged where there is adequate capacity in the major municipal infrastructure to accommodate the impacts of the project.
The following should be taken into account:
Where necessary, as determined by Council, the Town may establish infill guidelines for older neighbourhoods through the Land Use Bylaw.
Student housing needs and issues shall be reviewed as part of any area redevelopment plan prepared by the Town. The need for student housing shall be considered when designing new neighbourhoods or reviewing higher density or mixed use infill projects.
The Town shall consider development of secondary suites in low density residential areas to broaden the range of available, affordable housing options.
Small Lot Residential Development
The Town may consider creating one or more districts in the Land Use Bylaw to facilitate the development of single detached dwellings on small or narrow lots (e.g. less than 50 ft traditional frontage and less than 120 ft traditional lot depth).
11.0 Commercial Development
Commercial development serves many purposes and is a vital component of a community. It provides local and regional goods and services, acts as employment areas and contributes to the health and vitality of the local economy. Concepts for commercial development evolve and there are a variety of forms that may occur. Local convenience stores, plazas, malls, large format retailers and power centres are among the types of commercial development possible.
To support a vibrant commercial sector that services both local residents and the regional market.
(a) Identify locations and policies for long term commercial development.
(b) Improve the quality and aesthetics of development along major commercial corridors.
(c) Recognize emerging trends in retailing and commercial land use where appropriate.
(d) Promote commercial development that generates opportunities for local employment.
Location of Commercial Development
The Town shall direct future commercial development to the areas conceptually shown for commercial uses on the Future Land Use Concept Map.
Highway 27/46 Street Commercial Corridor
The Highway 27/46 Street commercial corridor shall be the primary highway commercial area within the Town. Opportunities for intensification of land use, mixed use development and improvements to make the corridor more pedestrian friendly shall be explored.
Mixed use development in this corridor shall consist of commercial development at ground level, with residential development only being considered behind a commercial use at ground level, or above a commercial use.
Quality of Commercial Development
The Town shall ensure, through performance standards contained in the Land Use Bylaw, that landscaping, building placement, building form and architectural treatment of commercial development provides a high quality visual appearance.
Commercial developments shall provide for safe and convenient onsite vehicular, bicycle and pedestrian movement. Where necessary, adequate buffering between commercial and nearby existing or future residential areas shall be provided to minimize noise, traffic, light and visual impacts.
Location of Local Commercial Sites
The Town shall support the development of local neighbourhood convenience commercial sites in select locations on major arterial and collector streets and shall prohibit such uses from locating adjacent to school sites. Care shall be taken to choose sites which minimize land use conflicts with nearby residential properties but at the same time, provide convenient access to neighbourhood patrons.
Revitalization of Older Commercial Properties
The Town will encourage the revitalization and adaptive reuse of existing underutilized or vacant commercial properties.
Mixed Use Nodes
The Town may consider the creation of mixed use nodes incorporating commercial and residential uses and other compatible uses at the highway and local commercial areas shown on the Future Land Use Concept map located along an arterial road.
Mixed use development in these locations shall consist of commercial development at ground level, with residential development only being considered behind (away from street side of site) a commercial use at ground level, or above a commercial use
12.0 Uptowne Olds
Uptowne Olds (our name for our Downtown) functions as the business, administrative and cultural centre of the community. It is a mixed use area that includes commercial, industrial and residential uses and the place where Olds began. It is an important element of Olds’ image in the eyes of residents, investors and visitors. Its vitality and health is a reflection on the community as a whole. Diversity, intense development and linkages to other parts of the community are key elements in revitalizing and maintaining a strong and vibrant historic town core.
Encourage the continued growth and intensification of Uptowne Olds as a vibrant mixed use centre that is a focal point for the community and is an attractive place to shop, work, live and play.
- Reinforce the Uptowne area as a business, administrative, government and cultural centre.
- Promote and encourage higher-density residential development in or near Uptowne.
- Maintain an active Uptowne area by promoting diversity, intensity and linked development.
Role of Uptowne
The Town shall support the on-going redevelopment of the Uptowne as the centre and heart of the town and as the primary area for the highest level of administrative, retail, office, institutional, cultural, and entertainment facilities. As part of this effort, the Town shall implement the recommendations of the Uptowne Olds Area Redevelopment Plan.
Infill and Intensification Opportunities
The Town shall promote opportunities for infill and intensification within Uptowne in order to facilitate a mixed use and compact urban form, utilize existing infrastructure efficiently and increase the range of services and amenities available to residents and visitors.
Uptowne Housing Strategy
Wherever possible, the Town shall support the development of higher density housing in or near Uptowne including the conversion of commercial and industrial uses to residential uses where appropriate. In acting on this policy, the Town shall recognize that residential uses in Uptowne will be subjected to more noise and traffic than is typically considered acceptable in a predominantly residential area and shall accept this as one of the trade-offs associated with creating residential opportunities in the town core.
Pedestrian Oriented Design Standards
New development and major redevelopments in Uptowne will be encouraged to use pedestrian oriented building and site design (building entrance close to or directly accessible to the public sidewalk) rather than vehicle oriented designs (parking lot separating building from public sidewalk) wherever possible.
The Town shall ensure through the Land Use Bylaw that provision is made for sufficient on-street and off-street parking in the Uptowne area
13.0 Industrial Development
Land for industrial development opportunities, in locations that meet the needs of a broad range of industrial activities, is a vital part of overall community planning. Industrial uses and locations serve as major employment areas, contribute to the standard of living enjoyed by residents and supplement the residential tax base to fund services provided to residents. Successful industrial areas rely on ready access to regional and provincial transportation infrastructure, support services, and skilled labour. Locations for a range of industrial activities should be free of potential constraints so as to not hinder future industrial expansion. The ability to expand Olds’ industrial land base is key to the community’s long-term economic success and sustainability.
To ensure that there is sufficient serviced industrial land available to attract and accommodate a wide range of industrial development in the future.
- Maintain an adequate supply of serviced industrial lots.
- Encourage existing industries to maintain and expand their operations.
- Attract a broad range of new industrial development to the town.
- Avoid conflict between industrial uses and other land uses.
Location of Industrial Land Uses
The Town shall direct future industrial development to the areas conceptually shown for industrial uses on the Future Land Use Concept Map.
Maintaining an Adequate Supply of Industrial Land
The Town shall seek to ensure that an adequate inventory of serviced industrial sites of various lot sizes and type (light and general) to meet the needs of business and industry.
The Town’s Land Use Bylaw shall contain development standards for industrial sites including building placement and design, landscaping and screening of storage and parking areas, signage and intensity of development, while recognizing the industrial nature of these areas.
Land Use Compatibility with Industrial Development
The Town, through provisions in detailed plans and the Land Use Bylaw, shall ensure that adequate separation distances and transition between industrial and non-industrial uses are maintained in locating any industry that may create land use conflicts with regard to noise, dust, vibration, smoke, and odour or pose safety and risk management issues.
Truck and Dangerous Goods Routes to Industrial Areas
The Town shall ensure that industrial areas are planned so as to have direct access to truck routes, highways, and railways to the greatest extent possible.
Promoting Environmentally Friendly and Innovative Industrial Uses
The Town shall encourage the development of more innovative and environmentally friendly industrial employment centre concepts such as business parks, high tech campuses, research parks, and eco-industrial parks
14.0 Parks, Recreation, and Culture
The parks and open space system is a highly valued aspect of the community. The recreational and cultural opportunities provided contribute greatly to the satisfaction of residents. Individuals and groups are able to pursue a wide range of activities based on their differing interests and abilities. Major open space, recreation and cultural facilities foster and encourage interaction among community members, as well as providing venues for individual development. Health and wellness in an urban setting can be significantly influenced through the provision of easily accessible recreation and cultural experiences in both indoor and outdoor settings. Planning for, and expanding, these necessities and amenities is part of ensuring that Olds remains a community offering a high quality of life.
To create an integrated, accessible and well-planned open space and parks system that supports a broad range of recreation and cultural opportunities catering to diverse age groups, income levels and skill levels.
- Provide open spaces and park areas that are functional and effective in satisfying the needs of residents and visitors to Olds.
- Develop a continuous system of pathways with linkages to parks and natural areas as Olds grows.
- Encourage sharing and multiple-use of parks and open space areas among a variety of user groups and activities.
- Provide a range of recreation and culture facilities that reflects the variety of recreational and cultural pursuits and interests in Olds.
- To work with Mountain View County to ensure that recreation and cultural facilities are provided for everyone in the region.
- To work with the Olds Regional Exhibition to relocate the livestock component of the Exhibition’s operations to its property south of 54th Street.
Trails and Pathways
Trails and pathways shall be designed and constructed to be universally accessible and in accordance with the direction provided through the Open Space and Trails Master Plan and the Olds Wayfinding Signage Master Plan, as amended from time to time.
Open Space Connections
As new areas are planned and developed, the Town shall ensure the design of the parks and open space system provides linkages between major open spaces, connections between neighbourhoods and linear corridors.
Types of Parks
The Town recognizes the benefits of providing a combination of active and passive parks in the community with a range of amenities for residents. The planning and design of parks will include consideration of the need for a variety of types of parks and the need to match park infrastructure and amenities with the needs of residents. This shall include creating shaded areas in each park.
The types of parks to be provided and their respective functions, characteristics, and amenities shall be based on the Open Space and Trails Master Plan.
School Sites and Joint Use Sites
The Town shall work with School Boards in the planning and location of school sites and joint use sites. Joint use of these sites between the Town, School Boards and community organizations shall be encouraged and pursued wherever practical. The Town shall seek a formal reserve agreement and joint use agreement with each of the School Boards having jurisdiction within the town.
Arts and Culture
When planning parks and outdoor public spaces, the Town shall investigate opportunities to create and include performance/display space or activity space for arts and culture events.
In conjunction with streetscapes and other public realm areas, parks and open space shall be designed to create opportunities for area residents to gather and interact wherever possible.
Amount of Reserve Dedication
The Town shall require that at least 10 percent of the gross developable land being subdivided be dedicated as Reserve (municipal reserve, school reserve and/or municipal and school reserve) in accordance with the provisions of the Municipal Government Act. Gross developable land excludes all lands that have been or will be dedicated as environmental reserve.
Form of Reserve Dedication
In residential areas, the Town shall generally seek reserve dedication in the form of land. In non-residential areas, reserve dedication may be provided in the form of land, cash-in-lieu or a combination of land and cash as determined by the Subdivision Authority.
Use of Reserve
Reserve lands, or cash-in-lieu, may be used for school sites, parks or recreational facilities.
Allocation of Reserve
Reserve lands, excluding environmental reserve and conservation reserve, shall be allocated between Town and School Board purposes in conformance with the Reserve Agreement between the Town and the School Boards.
Reserve Dedication Priorities
In recognition that the Town has a limited amount of Reserve dedication and there are several competing demands on Reserve land, the following order of priority shall be used in determining which parcels of land may receive credit as part of the ten percent dedication:
First, elementary and junior high school sites and major neighbourhood open spaces identified in adopted area structure plans;
Second, local parks, linear corridors and trail linkages identified in adopted area structure plans;
Third, natural areas identified for conservation and not already dedicated as environmental reserve or secured through a conservation easement;
Fourth, high school sites and community open spaces; and
Fifth, buffer strips to separate potentially conflicting land uses.
Lands used for storm water management purposes shall not be accepted as part of the required minimum reserve dedication.
Sites for Future Major Recreation Facilities
Following an update of the Mountain View Region Parks, Recreation and Culture Facility Master Plan, the Town shall identify and secure the required site(s) for the priority facilities that are identified for location within Olds in the updated Master Plan.
The process to plan for future arena upgrades and multi-plex development and sites for future major facilities shall be part of a future update of the Open Space and Trails Master Plan
15.0 Future Tree Reserves
For the past 25+ years, residents and visitors have been able to enjoy the existing tree reserve in the southwest part of town. This area is a unique part of the Town’s open space system and has become a much cherished place of peaceful relaxation, contemplation and passive recreation.
It is the intent of the Town to create more sites like the existing tree reserve. For each site, this means having a ten acre (or more) parcel of land that can be heavily reforested to establish an overhead tree canopy and a sense of enclosed space. A series of trails and pathways winding through the site and visitor amenities, like benches and parking facilities would be added.
This initiative is recognized as taking a long term view of, and long term commitment to, the quality of the future urban environment and amenities in Olds. Land acquisition and funding of the desired park space will need to be addressed. Land acquisition is likely needed due to the equally important demands on the Town’s ability to obtain municipal reserve land dedication for schools, parks, playgrounds, and trail networks. Funding for the initiative must be weighed with other capital priorities and resources available.
Figure 1: General Locations for Future Tree Reserves
The locations shown in Figure 1 were selected based on the opportunity to:
- balance the long term provision of major open space areas between the parts of the town north and south of Highway 27;
- create connections between other major open space areas that exist or are planned such as the dog park, sports fields and future school sites; and
- access planned and existing municipal roads and water infrastructure.
Reforestation of an area with significant tree canopy takes a number of years to become established. To be able to enjoy the desired benefits of these new park areas, the start of the project must take place in the short term (next 3-5 years) so that the amenity (i.e. mature tree canopy) is available to be enjoyed in the medium to longer term (next 15-25 years).
To create two new park areas consisting of reforested areas interspersed with small meadows and a series of intertwining pathway loops that enables peaceful relaxation and recreation in a forest like setting.
Land Acquisition Process
The Town shall start a process to discuss the acquisition of Location A and Location B shown in Figure 1 with the affected landowners with the objective of acquiring one or both locations within two years of the date that this Plan is adopted.
The Town shall consult Mountain View County where required regarding the acquisition of land within the County’s jurisdiction.
Location, Size and Configuration of Future Sites
The precise location, size and configuration of Location A and Location B shall be determined in consultation with the affected landowners. This process shall take into consideration future development of the affected parcels of land for other planned uses.
Alternative locations compared to those shown in Figure 1, but still within the same general vicinity, may be considered. The intention is to complement the existing tree reserve with similar areas in other residential quadrants of the community.
Detailed Planning and Design
Once each location is acquired, the Town shall undertake a detailed design and implementation plan for each location. This plan is expected to layout the amenities of the site and provide a more detailed capital plan for Council consideration.
16.0 Community and Protective Services
Community and protective services encompass a broad range of services provided to the whole community, neighbourhoods and individuals. These services help make Olds a safe community in which to live and work and create an environment where all residents have the opportunity to enjoy a high quality of life. A key focus is to ensure that individuals, families and communities in need are able to access a range of support services and that all community members are able to participate in and feel part of the larger community. Related to this is the physical environment’s ability to encourage interaction through formal and informal contact with neighbours and with other community members.
To build a safe, healthy and inclusive community through the provision of a variety of protective and community services.
- Ensure opportunities are available for all residents to enjoy a high quality of life and participate in the community.
- Support the ability to develop an adequate range of social gathering spaces and social service facilities to meet the needs of the community in appropriate and accessible locations.
- Facilitate the planning and delivery of social programs that support and enhance individuals, families, neighbourhoods and the community.
- Provide residents with a safe living environment through the effective provision of protective and emergency services.
The Town shall continue to provide emergency services either directly or in cooperation with service providers and shall prepare a Regional Emergency Services Strategy to guide the provision of these services. Further, the Town shall continue to participate in the Mountain View Regional Emergency Response Plan.
The Town shall continue to provide protective services either directly or in cooperation with service providers, in accordance with provincial regulations and Council standards. The Town should prepare, and keep current, a protective services master plan to guide the provision of services, desired service levels and the facilities needed to provide protective services to the community.
Location of Social Service Facilities
The Town shall ensure that its land use plans accommodate the development of facilities that house social services and programs within the community in locations that are compatible with existing and future surrounding land uses. Facilities accommodating social services should be:
Olds Hospital and Care Centre
Uses and development near and adjacent the Hospital and Care Centre shall be managed to avoid the creation of any conflicts with the hospital or place any limitations on future operations and expansion of the existing hospital site.
Inclusive Community – Social Interaction
The Town shall promote and favour building forms, site layouts and neighbourhood designs that are physically accessible and facilitate a high degree of social interaction possibilities among residents. This includes such concepts as pedestrian friendly streetscapes and establishing formal and informal gathering spaces.
Inclusive Community – Programs and Initiatives
The Town shall continue to work with community agencies in the provision of social and support services to Olds residents. This includes coordinating and facilitating the provision of preventative social services to meet the community’s needs with specific consideration given to children, youth, seniors, persons with disabilities, low income individuals, immigrants and single parent families
Facilities related to travel within, and through, Olds occupy a considerable amount of land and represent a significant investment of public resources. Ensuring the efficient movement of people and goods to and between various parts of the community is a key planning consideration. It is important to recognize and seek balance between the implications that land use patterns have on transportation needs and vice versa. Equally important is the fact that personal mobility takes many forms and a diverse range of transportation modes needs to be considered. This includes use of private vehicles, cycling, walking and, eventually, public transit. In planning for growth and change in Olds for the long term, appropriate attention must be paid to the provision of facilities for all these modes of transportation.
To provide for the safe and efficient movement of people and goods within and through Olds by coordinating the planning of land use and transportation systems and encouraging the use of non-motorized modes of transportation.
- Ensure the coordination and construction of safe and efficient roads, bicycling and pedestrian facilities.
- Seek opportunities to reduce travel demands and promote alternatives to the private automobile.
- Coordinate the planning and construction of transportation facilities within the Town with the Provincial and County authorities responsible for connecting routes outside of and through the town.
- Promote the development and enhancement of regional transportation facilities.
Coordination of Land Use and Transportation
The Town shall coordinate transportation and land use plans with the objective of reducing the demand for travel particularly by private automobile.
Transportation Master Plan
The Town shall implement the recommendations of the Transportation Master Plan and shall periodically update the Plan’s policies, standards and proposals related to the movement of private and commercial vehicles, future public transit, wheelchairs and scooters, bicycling and walking.
Where there is a conflict between the recommendations of the Transportation Master Plan and an approved statutory plan, or a decision is made to accept an alternative solution through the adoption of a statutory plan, the policy and direction of the statutory plan prevails.
Utilization of Available Infrastructure Capacity
The Town shall coordinate the planning and construction of transportation infrastructure and development, so as to maximize the utilization of available and planned transportation capacity.
Coordination of Community Connections
The Town shall coordinate the provision of road, transit and pathway connections between and through existing and future communities in the area structure planning process. This includes such items as:
Transportation Needs in Industrial and Commercial Areas
The Town shall ensure the provision of appropriate transportation facilities in commercial and industrial areas, to accommodate both the movement of truck traffic and the travel needs of employees and customers.
Mitigation of Undesirable Impacts
The Town shall endeavour to mitigate undesirable community, social, environmental and noise impacts in the planning, construction and operation of transportation facilities. Efforts to achieve this may include:
Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities
The Town intends to provide bicycle and pedestrian facilities throughout the town through the joint efforts of the municipality and private developers. The Town shall view bicycle and pedestrian facilities as integral parts of the transportation system serving both recreation and transportation needs.
Right of Way Protection
The Town shall protect the appropriate rights-of-way to allow for the implementation of proposals contained in the Transportation Master Plan as amended from time to time.
Transportation Systems Management
The Town shall address local transportation issues including the impact of traffic on residential areas, (e.g. traffic calming) and maximizing the efficiency of the major road network (e.g. traffic signal phasing) through the use of appropriate management techniques.
Coordination with Provincial and County Transportation Facilities
The Town shall work with the Province of Alberta and Mountain View County to ensure coordination in the planning and construction of connections with the Provincial and County road and trail systems.
Regional Transportation Systems
The Town shall actively support the development of effective inter-modal regional transportation systems including bus, rail and air service. This includes a regional trail system providing connections to the other urban communities within Mountain View County.
Addressing Transportation Needs
The Town shall encourage the establishment of transportation services that address the needs of seniors, lower income households, youth, and those with disabilities. These services may entail ride sharing programs, shared transportation arrangements, private service providers, or similar initiatives.
Highway 27 and Highway 2A
The Town acknowledges that there is a need to improve the function of Highway 27 and Highway 2A to serve the existing needs of the community and the traffic passing through the town. The Town shall:
Truck and Dangerous Goods Traffic
The Town shall seek the co-operation of the Province of Alberta and Mountain View County to study the optimum way of moving east/west truck and dangerous goods traffic in the Olds area and to jointly work towards identifying and protecting an appropriate corridor for this road.
The future east/west arterial in the southern part of Olds is not intended to function as a through truck route
The utility systems that support our day to day activities include the municipal water system, wastewater system, storm water management system, solid waste management system, and franchise utilities (electricity, gas, cable, and telecommunications). These services are essential for the day-to-day health, safety and convenience of Olds residents. Environmental protection, health, safety and convenience are all safeguarded through quality management and maintenance of these systems.
To provide environmentally responsible, safe, efficient and reliable utility systems to serve the Town.
- Ensure that utility infrastructure and capacity is available when required to accommodate growth in Olds.
- Ensure utilities are maintained and operated in an efficient manner that minimizes their impact on the environment.
Quality of Utility Services
The Town shall provide high quality utility services to residents and businesses in Olds. To this end, the Town shall establish and maintain standards and specifications for the construction of infrastructure based on:
Timing of Utility Provision
The Town shall provide or facilitate the provision of utility services as development of growth areas occurs and in advance of anticipated development and population increases.
Utility Master Plan and Infrastructure Funding
The Town shall maintain, fund and implement a comprehensive long-term master plan for utility infrastructure and establish budget priorities based on the premise that investment in infrastructure maintenance is a necessary annual investment rather than a discretionary cost.
The Town shall investigate opportunities and technologies that provide cost effective improvements in the efficiency and/or environmental impacts of the provision of utility services.
Solid Waste Reduction, Recycling and Energy Efficiency
The Town shall promote the principles of reduce, reuse and recycle materials and the efficient use of energy by Town departments, businesses and residents.
Former Wastewater Treatment Facilities
The Town shall work to obtain formal de-commissioning of the former wastewater treatment plant facilities in the NW 6 to remove the impact of the setback requirement on adjacent lands and repurpose the site.
The Town shall require the installation of infrastructure and facilities related to broadband telecommunication services in all new developing areas and major redevelopment areas.
Storm Water Management
The Town shall make provisions for storm water management throughout all new development areas. Best management practices, such as the integration of existing water bodies and natural areas into storm water management ponds, shall be pursued. The release of storm water downstream to a recognized receiving water body or water course shall be protected through utility right(s) of way in the name of the Town.
The Town shall encourage water conservation by managing demand by users where possible and through public awareness campaigns.
19.0 Intermunicipal Planning and Regional Cooperation
It is important to recognize that Olds is part of a region and that many issues and factors that can impact the community, its economic vibrancy and the quality of life of its citizens occur beyond and transcend the town boundaries. It is for this reason that the Province encourages and expects cooperation between municipalities, provincial departments and other agencies to address planning issues. For many years, Olds and its partners have worked through the Municipal Area Partnership to provide services to the area in a coordinated manner. Further, the intermunicipal collaboration framework, and the intermunicipal development plan will result in more direct involvement and sharing of growth management goals and responsibilities between the Town of Olds and Mountain View County.
To cooperate with municipalities and other government agencies to achieve mutual objectives that benefits residents and businesses in Olds and help to secure the Town’s long-term growth.
- Work with Mountain View County to ensure orderly development practices, issue resolution and appropriate management and control of future growth areas in the areas adjacent to the Town/County boundary.
- Work with the Government of Alberta, its agencies and other municipalities, in the provision of programs and services that benefit residents and businesses in the region.
- Consolidate Olds’ position as an urban service centre in Central Alberta and a growth centre in the Calgary/Edmonton corridor.
The Town shall work with the Provincial Government, other municipalities and interested community organizations in the Edmonton/Calgary corridor to:
The Town shall cooperate with all municipalities within the watershed of the Red Deer River in the establishment of a regional watershed committee. One purpose of the committee should be to provide comment and input on any actions and decisions of the Provincial and Federal Governments which may impact on the region’s watershed and water supply.
Intermunicipal Development Plan
The Town shall maintain an Intermunicipal Development Plan with Mountain View County and the Plan shall address:
Regional Service Provision
The Town shall work at an elected official and administrative level with surrounding municipalities, communities and agencies to ensure the coordinated delivery of services that benefit residents and ratepayers.
The success of any plan depends on the degree to which efforts are made to implement and integrate the plan’s directions into decision making. The MDP provides the means whereby Council, the Municipal Planning Commission, Town staff and members of the community can evaluate situations or proposals in the context of a long range plan for Olds.
To promote the implementation and use of the Municipal Development Plan.
- Implement the MDP through other statutory and non-statutory plans and ensure consistency between these plans and the MDP.
- Provide guidance on interpreting and applying the MDP policies and directions.
- Foster awareness of land use planning policies and participation in planning processes by stakeholders and the general public.
- Provide for periodic review and amendment of the MDP and monitoring of effort to achieve the MDP goals.
Interpretation of Key Words
The MDP contains “shall”, “should” and “may” policies which are interpreted as follows:
The Town or a landowner may initiate an amendment to this Plan. The Town shall require the submission of such background information as is considered necessary to support the amendment prior to the start of the bylaw amendment process. Amendment of the MDP shall follow the appropriate procedures as outlined in the Municipal Government Act.
Relation to Other Statutory Plans
All statutory plans adopted by the Town shall be consistent with one another. The Municipal Development Plan shall be consistent with the direction of the Intermunicipal Development Plan. All area structure plans and area redevelopment plans shall be consistent with the MDP.
Preparation of More Detailed Land Use Plans
The policies of the MDP shall be further refined and implemented through the preparation, adoption and day-to-day application of area structure plans, area redevelopment plans and the Land Use Bylaw. The Town shall continue to ensure that stakeholders (e.g. School Authorities) and the general public are consulted and have input into all detailed plans as these plans are being prepared.
Area Structure Plan Required
Before approval of any Land Use Bylaw amendment that would allow for subdivision or development of a large block of land that has not been previously developed or used for any use other than agriculture, an area structure plan shall be required.
For the purposes of this policy, a large block of land refers to a parcel of land having an area of 40 acres or more.
For blocks of land having an area less than 40 acres, an area structure plan may be required if, in the opinion of the Town, such a plan is needed.
All area structure plans shall be prepared in accordance with the requirements of the Municipal Government Act and any policies established by the Town relating to process and content requirements of an area structure plan.
Preparation of Area Redevelopment Plans
The Town may identify areas that could benefit from the preparation and adoption of an area redevelopment plan. In preparing such plans, the following considerations should be taken into account:
The Town shall utilize its Public Participation Policy when advising residents of existing plans and planning policies and the outcome of key planning decisions.
In order to ensure that the MDP is current, the plan should be reviewed every five to ten years.
To allow tracking of the impact and effectiveness of the MDP policies a bi-annual (every 2 years) report should be prepared and submitted to Town Council.
Relation to Town Funding and Budgeting Process
Various policies in this Plan suggest spending by the Town in order to achieve its successful implementation. Pursuant to the Municipal Government Act, it is not the intention of this Plan to commit Town Council to funding decisions. The funding of any proposals of this Plan shall be considered on an annual basis during the Town’s budget process along with all other funding requests and priorities.
Glossary of Terms
The definitions provided below are for use in understanding the concepts and ideas discussed in the context of the Municipal Development Plan. Where a definition listed below is different than the one provided in the Land Use Bylaw, the Land Use Bylaw definition shall be used in processing a development or subdivision application.
Adaptive Reuse is a process whereby buildings are adapted for new uses, while retaining their original architectural features.
Affordable Housing refers to dwelling units that are designed to be both adequate in meeting the size and safety needs of individuals and families, and affordable to households with income at or below the community’s median income, without spending more than 30% of their income on housing costs. For renters, these costs account for: rent, electricity, fuel, water and other municipal services. For owners, these costs account for: mortgage payments, property taxes, condominium fees, electricity, fuel, water and other municipal services.
Area Redevelopment Plan (ARP) is a plan adopted as an area redevelopment plan pursuant to the Municipal Government Act, which provides a framework for future development in an already developed area.
Area Structure Plan (ASP) is a plan adopted as an area structure plan pursuant to the Municipal Government Act, which provides a framework for future subdivision and development in an area.
Arterial Road refers to a corridor that accommodates a major road and facilities for multi-modal forms of transportation (i.e. pathway for multi-users, travel lanes for public transit, etc). It is meant to carry more traffic than other roads and corridors and enable the movement of people and goods between the neighbourhoods and districts that make up the larger urban community.
Attainable Housing refers to a range of housing provided at varying market rates and able to meet the needs of different households in terms of size of dwelling, price point, tenure, type of housing unit, and similar factors. Attainable housing is typically supplied through private developers in response to market demands.
Biodiversity is the variety of life and its processes; and it includes the variety of living organisms, the genetic differences among them, and the communities and ecosystems in which they occur. Diversity is the key to ensuring the continuance of life on Earth. It is also a fundamental requirement for adaptation and survival and continued evolution of species.
Brownfield Site is a site that is the result of industrial activities such as railroads, gas stations, oil refineries, truck terminals, wood treatment facilities, dry cleaners, liquid/chemical storage facilities, steel and heavy manufacturing plants, etc. Often these sites are contaminated and require remediation before redevelopment can occur.
Community Economic Development refers to a community-based and community-directed process that explicitly combines social and economic development to foster the economic, social, ecological and cultural well-being of communities on a sustainable and inclusive basis.
Conservation Agreement or Easement is an agreement registered against title whereby a landowner grants to another person or organization rights related to the protection, conservation and enhancement of the environment, including the protection, conversation and enhancement of biological diversity and items of natural scenic or aesthetic value. A conservation agreement may provide for recreational use, open space use, environmental education use, and research and scientific studies of natural ecosystems.
Eco-industrial Park refers to a type of industrial park in which businesses cooperate with one another and the local community in an attempt to reduce waste, efficiently share resources (such as information, materials, water, energy, infrastructure and natural resources), and produce sustainable development, with the intention of increasing economic gains and improving environmental quality.
Ecological Footprint is a measure of the "load" imposed by a given population on nature. It represents the land area necessary to sustain current levels of resource consumption and waste discharge by that population.
Economic Development refers to creating a positive environment from which local businesses can succeed and grow, and attracting new enterprises to the community.
Emergency Services public organizations that respond to emergencies when they occur, specifically ambulance and fire services.
Environmental Reserve is land that is dedicated (given) to a municipality, during the subdivision process, because it is considered undevelopable for environmental reasons in accordance with Section 664 of the Municipal Government Act. This may include areas such as wetlands, ravines, drainage courses, steep slopes, etc.
Environmental Reserve Easement is a legal agreement registered with Land Titles in favour of the municipality for lands that would be normally taken as environmental reserve in accordance to Section 664 of the Municipal Government Act. It requires the land to remain in its natural state but continues to be owned by a private landowner.
Environmentally Sensitive Area means an undisturbed or relatively undisturbed site, which because of its natural features, has value to society and ecosystems worth preserving.
Geographic Information System (GIS) is a system allowing for the visualization, analysis, use and presentation of location related data and geographic information.
Goal refers to an idealized end towards which planned action is directed and which provides an indication of what is to be achieved.
Greenfield is undeveloped land used for agriculture or left in a natural state.
Green Infrastructure refers to a strategic approach to conservation that addresses the ecological, social and economic impacts of sprawl and the accelerated consumption and fragmentation of open land. It is the network of natural lands, open space, waterways, and smart growth design measures that form the framework for healthy and sustainable communities. With a green infrastructure in place, communities can protect native species and ecological processes, maintain clean air and water, reduce habitat fragmentation, pollution, and other threats to biodiversity, and improve the health and quality of life for people.
Greyfield Sites are older, economically obsolete commercial areas, often characterized by a large expanse dedicated to surface parking.
Growth Management is the process of directing or guiding development in a manner that is consistent with the vision, guiding principles, goals, objectives and policies contained in this MDP.
Growth Strategy refers to a document that establishes high level policy direction for the long term (50+ years) growth of the community.
Growth Study refers to a document that evaluates the supply of developable land relative to demand in the 5-30 year time frame and establishes approaches to issues such as annexation of land, timing of major utility extensions etc.
Heritage Conservation refers to actions or processes that are aimed at safeguarding the character-defining elements of a cultural resource so as to retain its heritage value and extend its physical life. This may involve preservation, rehabilitation, restoration or a combination of these actions or processes.
Highway Commercial refers to commercial areas intended for trade and service(s) related to automotive transportation and the automobile traveler, and other commercial land uses which are built at low densities, in planned centres, generally to serve the host community and the region as a whole.
Inclusive Communities refers to both a process and a goal; inclusion is the ability to participate effectively in economic, social, political and cultural life of society. It is about having what is needed materially and socially to live comfortably. An inclusive community is one that creates and celebrates the opportunity for full participation for all citizens.
Infill Development occurs in mature or built up areas on vacant or underutilized lands, behind or between existing development, and which is comparable with the characteristics of surrounding development.
Infrastructure refers to systems and facilities (e.g. roads, sanitary sewers, water treatment and distribution networks, power lines, and telephone and cable TV systems) that service urban development.
Intermunicipal Collaboration Framework is a document describing how two or more municipalities work together to provide desired services to residents, ratepayers and properties.
Intermunicipal Development Plan (IDP) is a plan adopted by two or more councils, pursuant to the Municipal Government Act, which is an overall policy guide for the coordination of land use planning matters between the municipalities.
Joint Use Site means a site that houses multiple, but complimentary facilities such as a school, library and recreation centre. Parking and other associated uses can be shared in order to use land efficiently. Facilities may be housed under one roof or in separate buildings.
Land Use Bylaw (LUB) refers to the bylaw that divides the town into land use districts and establishes procedures for processing and deciding upon development applications. It sets out rules that affect how each parcel of land can be used and developed and includes a zoning or district map.
Mixed Use refers to a combination of different land uses, such as, but not limited to, residential, office commercial, retail commercial, public or entertainment, which are horizontally integrated (i.e. uses located on the same site beside one another) and/or vertically integrated (i.e. uses located on different floors in the same building) within a single compact form of urban development. The mixes of uses are to be compatible, mutually beneficial, and integrated into the community, for example, live/work in the same complex.
The term “mixed use” can also relate to a range of dwelling types that could provide residences to a diversity of living arrangements and incomes within a neighbourhood and the inclusion of non-residential uses like places of worship and local commercial in a neighbourhood.
Municipal Development Plan (MDP) is a plan adopted by Council, pursuant to the Municipal Government Act, which is an overall policy guide to a municipality’s future growth and development.
Municipal Government Act (MGA) is Provincial legislation which outlines the power and obligations of a municipality. Part 17 of the MGA provides the means by which plans and bylaws may be adopted to guide development and the use of land and buildings.
Natural Capital is an extension of the economic notion of capital (manufactured means of production) to environmental 'goods and services'. It refers to a stock (e.g., a forest) which produces a flow of goods (e.g., new trees) and services (e.g., carbon removal, erosion control, and habitat).
Neighbourhood means a mainly residential area designed as a comprehensively planned unit containing a variety of housing types, community services, recreation and culture amenities and parks necessary to meet the needs of the neighbourhood population.
Objective refers to directional statements that are usually phrased in measurable terms for given time frames.
Oil or Gas Development refers to active, suspended, and abandoned wells, pipelines, and processing facilities. It may also include rail and road use for oil or gas development.
Policy means a statement identifying a specific course of action for achieving objectives.
Protective Services provision of services to ensure the security of persons and property.
Reserve means land provided, as part of a subdivision, by the developer without compensation for park and school purposes in accordance with the provisions of the Municipal Government Act. This includes lands dedicated as municipal reserve (MR), school reserve (SR) and municipal and school reserve (MSR).
Smart Growth refers to a collection of land use and development principles that aim to enhance our quality of life, preserve the natural environment, and save resources over time. These principles ensure that growth is fiscally, environmentally and socially responsible and recognize the connections between development and quality of life. Smart growth enhances and completes communities by placing priority on infill, redevelopment, and densification strategies.
Special Needs Housing refers to a range of housing options meant to respond to the diverse housing and care needs of a population at various stages of life. This may include such options as live-in care, accessible housing designs, supervised living arrangements, Alzheimer cottages, assisted living, hospices, palliative care, and transitional housing.
Sustainable Development means development that meets the needs of today without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. This means the community needs to sustain its quality of life and accommodate growth and change by harmonizing long-term economic, environmental and social needs. It also requires that development respects and enhances the cultural capital of the community in terms of its traditions, values, heritage, sense of place, arts, diversity and social history.
Traffic Demand Management (TDM) refers to strategies aimed at reducing the number of vehicle trips, shortening trip lengths, and changing the timing of trips so that they occur outside of peak hours. These strategies include use of public transit, car pools, bicycling and walking and typically focus on home-to-work trips.
Urban Design refers to planning and architecture that contributes to the creation of attractive spaces by having regard to design elements such as building form and style, views and vistas, open space, and streetscape treatments, which provide an urban context that is both functional and aesthetically pleasing.
Urban Forestry is the practice of maintaining a viable and healthy urban forest for the health, environmental and economic benefits of the community. These benefits include better air quality, cooling and shade, aesthetics, noise buffering and wildlife habitat.
Urban Form refers to the design and layout of our urban built environment and includes considerations such as density, street layout, transportation, centres of employment, and urban design.